Please write THREE original responses to the prompts. (Tuskegee Experiment, Henrietta Lacksâ€™ â€œImmortal Cellsâ€, and Willowbrook School) with 100 words reflective answers of each response.
1.Tuskegee study:When the Tuskegee experiments were publicly exposed in the early 1970s, what do you believe was the impact on African-Americans and their trust in the healthcare system and research? Using the ethical principles from the Belmont Report, what actions can nurses and researchers take to protect human subjects and increase trust?
2.Henrietta Lacks and her â€œimmortal cellsâ€:When Mrs. Lacksâ€™ cells were biopsied and sent to a research lab, there were no protocols for gaining consent from patients. However, it is important that we consider this unique case as nurses and researchers. Using the ethical principles from the Belmont Report, what could her nurses and the researchers at Johns Hopkins have done to protect her rights?
3.Willowbrook hepatitis study:Critical knowledge about hepatitis A and B was gained through the Willowbrook study which brought significant benefits to society as a whole. At the same time, the study is used as an example of ethical violation in research. Using the ethical principles from Belmont Report, what do you think about the risks/benefits of this study?